Vertical gardens – art or necessity?
“People are concentrated in metropolitan areas, cities grow,
depriving familiar horizontal green space area.
But how many verticals available in the current cities:
wall stations, subways, car parks, skyscrapers! “
Vertical gardening is a technique known since the days of splendid hanging gardens of ancient Babylon. The modern interpretation of the system gave Patrick Blanc, a scientist from France, author of numerous books, designer. Patrick found in countless tropical plants growing at any slope and actually do not require sunlight and water.
Later, the scientist had the idea to plant the plants on a vertical plane where clinging to the surface roots will be able to provide themselves with nutritious minerals. Thus, Monsieur Blanca innovation lets you create various compositions plane with flowering and green panels, which are seasonally alter the color or texture of the ensemble.
Today, this innovation has become a popular trend these “gardens” can be found around the world on a variety of surfaces both interior and exterior.
Caring for a similar wall can be largely automated. In some respects, vertical gardens economically advantageous, from the familiar to us all, horizontal. For example, excess water after watering walls can be reused.
Today, there are many technologies greening facades, but when it comes to technology, Patrick Blanca, the more often he uses a tube through which is drip irrigation and fertilizer nutrients. The roots of the plant extracts essential minerals, and excess fluid collected at the base of the wall in the gutter before getting back into the network of pipes. The system works in a closed circle and does not require constant care.
However, in addition to the attractiveness of green facades have a number of other advantages. Thomas Pugh, a biochemist at the Institute of Technology Karlsruhe (Germany), made calculations that demonstrate cost-effective component of the invention.
In hot weather green wall provides substantial savings in electricity. The surface is covered with plants less hot in summer, which can significantly save on air conditioning facilities.
In the cold season vertical garden system acts as an additional layer of insulation. The air gap between the wall and a vertical garden reduces heat loss and prevents cold air from entering the building. Indoor Vertical garden in the transpiration of plants to measure temperature rises from 3 to 7 degrees. These walls provide good sound insulation of the building, as well as help clean the air pollution of exhaust gas and oxygen satiate the surrounding area.
Shop Ann Demelmeyster, Seoul, South Korea
At the advantages of this technology does not end there. Scientists have shown that the use of green walls increases productivity and job satisfaction among employees and even helps in the postoperative recovery of patients in hospitals.
Musée du quai Branly, Paris, France
Vertical gardens – not just ivy or vines that wrapped walls, and many incredible plants that create stunning compositions. It is an art integration of nature in the city and try to combine urbanization with the natural environment in a single architectural body.
Is it f need or aesthetic whim, I think everyone decides for himself!
Director of Business Development, Architect